Archive for May, 2013


Universal Declaration of Human Rights – always remember, never forget and never look away.

Universal Declaration of Human Rights
United Nations
[babel fish]

Whereas recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and
inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the
foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world,
Whereas disregard and contempt for human rights have resulted in
barbarous acts which have outraged the conscience of mankind, and
the advent of a world in which human beings shall enjoy freedom of
speech and belief and freedom from fear and want has been
proclaimed as the highest aspiration of the common people,
Whereas it is essential, if man is not to be compelled to have
recourse, as a last resort, to rebellion against tyranny and
oppression, that human rights should be protected by the rule of
Whereas it is essential to promote the development of friendly
relations between nations,
Whereas the peoples of the United Nations have in the Charter
reaffirmed their faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity
and worth of the human person and in the equal rights of men and
women and have determined to promote social progress and better
standards of life in larger freedom,
Whereas Member States have pledged themselves to achieve, in
co-operation with the United Nations, the promotion of universal
respect for and observance of human rights and fundamental
Whereas a common understanding of these rights and freedoms is
of the greatest importance for the full realisation of this
Now, therefore,
The General Assembly
Proclaims this Universal Declaration of Human Rights as a common
standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations, to the end
that every individual and every organ of society, keeping this
Declaration constantly in mind, shall strive by teaching and
education to promote respect for these rights and freedoms and by
progressive measures, national and international, to secure their
universal and effective recognition and observance, both among the
peoples of Member States themselves and among the peoples of
territories under their jurisdiction.

Article 1
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.
They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards
one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Article 2
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in
this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race,
colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion,
national or social origin, property, birth or other status.
Furthermore, no distinction shall be made on the basis of the
political, jurisdictional or international status of the country or
territory which a person belongs, whether it be independent, trust,
self-governing or under any other limitation of sovereignty.

Article 3
Everyone has the right to life, liberty and the security of

Article 4
No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the
slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.

Article 5
No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or
degrading treatment or punishment.

Article 6
Everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person
before the law.

Article 7
All are equal before the law and are entitled without any
discrimination to equal protection of the law. All are entitled to
equal protection against any discrimination in violation of this
Declaration and against any incitement to such discrimination.

Article 8
Everyone has the right to an effective remedy by the competent
national tribunals for acts violating the fundamental rights
granted him by the constitution or by law.

Article 9
No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or

Article 10
Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair, and public
hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, in the
determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal
charge against him.

Article 11
Everyone charged with a penal offence has the right to be
presumed innocent until proved guilty according to law in a public
trial at which he has had all the guarantees necessary for his
No one shall be held guilty of any penal offence on account
of any act or omission which did not constitute a penal offence,
under national or international law, at the time when it was
committed. Nor shall a heavier penalty be imposed than the one that
was applicable at the time the penal offence was committed.

Article 12
No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his
privacy, family, home or correspondence, nor to attacks upon his
honour and reputation. Everyone has the right to the protection of
the law against such interference or attacks.

Article 13
Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence
within the borders of each State.
Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his
own, and to return to his country.

Article 14
Everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy in other
countries asylum from persecution.
This right may not be invoked in the case of prosecutions
genuinely arising from non-political crimes or from acts contrary
to the purposes and principles of the United Nations.

Article 15
Everyone has the right to a nationality.
No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his nationality nor
denied the right to change his nationality.

Article 16
Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to
race, nationality or religion, have the right to marry and to found
a family. They are entitled to equal rights as to marriage, during
marriage and at its dissolution.
Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full
consent of the intending spouses.
The family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society and is entitled to protection by
society and the State.

Article 17
Everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in
association with others.
No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his property.

Article 18
Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and
religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or
belief. and freedom, either alone or in community with others and
in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in
teaching, practice, worship and observance.

Article 19
Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression:
this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference
and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any
media and regardless of frontiers.

Article 20
Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and
No one may be compelled to belong to an association.

Article 21
Everyone has the right to take part in the government of his
country, directly or through freely chosen representatives.
Everyone has the right of equal access to public service in
his country.
The will of the people shall be the basis of the authority of
government, this will shall be expressed in periodic and genuine
elections which shall be by universal and equal suffrage and shall
be held by secret vote or by equivalent free voting procedures

Article 22
Everyone as a member of society, has the right to social
security and is entitled to realisation, through national effort
and international co-operation and in accordance with the
organisation and resources of each State of the economic, social
and cultural rights indispensable for his dignity and the free
development of his personality.

Article 23
Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of employment,
to just and favourable conditions of work and to protection against
Everyone, without any discrimination has the right to equal
pay for equal work
Everyone who works has the right to just and favourable
remuneration ensuring for himself and his family an existence
worthy of human dignity, and supplemented, if necessary, by other
means of social protection.
Everyone has the right to form and to join trade unions for
the protection of his interests.

Article 24
Everyone has the right to rest and leisure, including reasonable
limitation of working hours and periodic holidays with pay.

Article 25
Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for
the health and well-being of himself and of his family including
food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social
services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment,
sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of
livelihood in circumstances beyond his control.
Motherhood and childhood are entitled to special care and
assistance. All children, whether born in or out of wedlock, shall
enjoy the same social protection.

Article 26
Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free
at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary
education shall be compulsory. Technical and professional education
shall be made generally available and higher education shall be
equally accessible to all on the basis of merit.
Education shall be directed to the full development of the
human personality and to the strengthening of respect for human
rights and fundamental freedoms. It shall promote understanding,
tolerance and friendship among all nations, racial or religious
groups and shall further the activities of the United Nations for
the maintenance of peace.
Parents have a prior right to choose the kind of education
that shall be given to their children.

Article 27
Everyone has the right freely to participate in the cultural
life of the community, to enjoy the arts and to share in scientific
advancement and its benefits.
Everyone has the right to the protection of the moral and
material interests resulting from any scientific, literary or
artistic production of which he is the author.

Article 28
Everyone is entitled to a social and international order in
which the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration can be
fully realised.

Article 29
Everyone has duties to the community in which alone the free
and full development of his personality is possible.
In the exercise of his rights and freedoms, everyone shall be
subject only to such limitations as are determined by law solely
for the purpose of securing due recognition and respect for the
rights and freedoms of others and of meeting the just requirement
of morality, public order and the general welfare in a democratic
These rights and freedoms may in no case be exercised
contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations.

Article 30
Nothing in this Declaration may be interpreted as implying for
any State, group or person any right to engage in any activity or
to perform any act aimed at the destruction of any of the rights
and freedoms set forth herein.

With thanks to
Human Rights should be universal – available freely to all, not just the rich, not just the bosses, not just the corporations – but every single human being on the planet. Those rights should also be transferred by extension of kindness and respect to every single millimeter of this our planet home. Until all are free.